LOCATION AND BOUNDARIES
Sivaganga District is the 26th largest district by population size and the density of people per Sq.Km is 324 as per 2011 census with a sex-ratio of 1,003 females for every 1,000 males. Sivaganga district is located between 9˚.43’ and 10˚.22’ North Latitude and 77˚, 47’ and 78˚.49’ East longitudes. It covers area of 4189 sq.km. It is bounded by Pudukkottai district on the Northeast, Tiruchirapalli district on the North, Ramanathapuram district on South East, Virudhunagar district on South West and Madurai District on the West.
Sivaganga District consists of two Revenue Divisions viz., Sivaganga and Devakottai, Nine Taluks viz., SIVAGANGAI, MANAMADURAI, ILAYANGUDI, THIRUPPUVANAM, KALAIYARKOIL, KARAIKKUDI, DEVAKOTTAI, THIRUPPATTUR and SIGAMPUNARI, comprising of 521 Revenue Villages. The District has Twelve blocks viz. Sivagangai, Kalayarkoil, Manamadurai, Thiruppuvanam, Ilyankudi, Devakottai, Kannangudi, Sakottai, Kallal, Thiruppathur, Singampunari and S.Pudur comprising of 451 Village Panchayats. There are three Municipalities viz. Sivagangai,Devakottai and Karaikudi and Eleven Town Panchayats viz. Manamadurai, Thiruppathur, Thiruppuvanam, Singampunari, Ilayankudi, Nattarasankottai, Kottaiyur, Kandanur, Puduvayal, Pallathur, Kanadukathan, Nerkuppai.
Sivaganga district has red soil and clay soil. The familiar landscape is of palm and acacias. The Vaigai River flows in the district which fill water to around 100 tanks. A small hillocks in Piranmalai and small hillock at Kundrakudi are the hills in the district worth mentioning.
CLIMATE and TEMPERATURE
The climate is almost dry and sultry, especially during summer months. During the winter season (i.e.) December to January the temperature is below the normal. The district experiences sunshine and moderate high temperature through the year. The maximum temperature of 42˚-43˚C. The months of April and May are the hottest months and the cold weather prevails only during December – January.
The district receives normal annual rainfall of 904.7mm .